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Caesalpinia pulcherrima (Pride of Barbados)

Pride of Barbados

Dwarf Poinciana, Bird of Paradise

Caesalpinia pulcherrima

Known also as the Peacock Tree or Mexican Bird of Paradise, Pride of Barbados is native to the West Indies. An annual in north Texas, perennial in central to south, it reaches average heights of six feel tall in a growing season. It has a very open, spreading habit, multiple branches with small thorns so avoid planting directly on walking paths.

The bright green bipinnately compound leaves are very light, almost fern-link with leaflets no longer than three-quarters of an inch. It turns reddish yellow in the fall before dropping. Starting in the spring, large panicles of bright red, orange, and yellow blooms with long red stamens appear on the terminal ends of the branches. They continue to appear till fall, and are followed by seed pods no more than three inches long that dry over winter and split open, releasing the seeds.

Pride of Barbados requires easily drained soils, and can grow in acidic or alkaline areas. Mulch heavily to ensure protection from death in colder areas. Prune dead branches, or bring down to a manageable size in the late winter. 

Perennial Color
Xeriscape Garden
Perennial Border

Flower Color:




8-10 Feet



6-8 Feet

Homeowner Growing & Maintenance Tips for Caesalpinia pulcherrima

Prune in late winter. 

Interesting Notes

Seeds are poisonous. 

USDA Hardiness Zone 8b

Available Sizes:

Item Description
PRI-BAR-15 #015 PRIDE OF BARBADOS(MIXED) View Current Crop Photo

Characteristics & Attributes

Deer Tolerance
Full Sun
Water Needs