Shrubs, trees, ground covers, native plants, and seasonal color

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Click on any of the alpha indexes below to view the corresponding lists of plants.

The default list is displayed alphabetically by common name for all plant types. You can view the plants by clicking on the Scientific Name or limit the plant type by using the drop down.

Plants actively being grown for the current season are shown -- selecting Discontinued Items will show plants we have offered in the past. 

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Botanical Name     Common Name
A B C D E F-G H I J-L M-O P Q R S T U-Z ALL
Agarita, Texas

Agarita, Texas

Botanical Name: Berberis (or Mahonia) trifoliolata

Small Texas native shrub that makes an excellent border or barrier plant due to the sharply pointed tri-leaflet leaves. The branches are stiff and spread out in every direction, reaching no more than several feet, easily forming small thickets.

Clusters of fragrant yellow flowers appear in the late winter, lasting until spring and are quite attractive against the gray-green holy-like leaves. They are followed by orange-red drupe fruits that wildlife seek out. They are easily harvested by pushing a sheet under the branches and lightly striking the bush with a broom; they are used to make jelly.

If given good drainage, Agarita can adapt to any soil type, and is naturally heat and drought tolerant. 


Agave, Artichoke

Agave, Artichoke

Botanical Name: Agave truncata

Dense Agave with wide but short leaves with a blue-gray color. Large terminal spines are on the end of each leaf, and smaller spines along leaf edge as it gets older.  The natural shape of this Agave gives it its name, as it does resemble a rather large artichoke at 2 feet tall and 2 to 3 feet wide.

Blooms at maturity, which can take roughly 10 years. Rosettes which host the bloom spike will die off afterwards, however new rosettes will continue to shoot off the host plant and continue the life cycle. For aesthetics, most people remove extra pups.


Agave, Century Plant

Agave, Century Plant

Botanical Name: Agave americana

The largest of the Agave that forms a natueral rosette pattern.  A single massive flower stalk appearing anytime between 10 to 25 years from germination, and can reach up to 15 feet. Cluster of greenish-white flowers appear, at which time the main plant begins to die. After the Century Plant is dead, multiple offshoots from the underground rhizomes will start to grow. 

Leaves have sharp spines that require care when handling, and should not be planted too close to walkways. Avoid planting in poorly drained areas. 


Agave, Ferox

Agave, Ferox

Botanical Name: Agave salmiana 'Ferox'

Ferox is one of the largest Agaves available at Mortellaros, reaching up to 6 feet tall and 12 feet wide. It will also require the most caution when trimming unsightly leaves or pups out as each leaf can have a terminal spine up to 8cm, along with pattern of sharp spines along leaf margins.

 Bright yellow blooms appear on mature specimens, which can take up to 12 years. Most susceptible to frost of the Agaves we carry.


Agave, Giant

Agave, Giant

Botanical Name: Agave salmiana

Moderately fast growing agave with leaf spines along the margins, with a terminal spike that can be up to 3 inches long. Blooms at maturity, which can take up to 15 years. Talk flower stalks can reach up to 20 feet, with yellow flowers.


Agave, Variegated Century Plant

Agave, Variegated Century Plant

Botanical Name: Agave americana 'marginata'

The largest of the Agave that forms a natueral rosette pattern.  A single massive flower stalk appearing anytime between 10 to 25 years from germination, and can reach up to 15 feet. Cluster of greenish-white flowers appear, at which time the main plant begins to die. After the Century Plant is dead, multiple offshoots from the underground rhizomes will start to grow. This Variegated cultivar has cream yellow margins on the leaves. 

Leaves have sharp spines that require care when handling, and should not be planted too close to walkways. Avoid planting in poorly drained areas. 


Agave, weberi

Agave, weberi

Botanical Name: Agave weberi

Large Agave that forms a natueral rosett pattern, and can put out offsets through underground rhizomes. Massive flower stalks reach up to 20 feet in the middle of summer and can reach up to 10 feet tall with yellow blooms. 

Leaves have a sharp spine on the tip of the leaf that require care when handling, and should not be planted too close to walkways. Avoid planting in poorly drained areas. 


Agave, Whale's Tongue

Agave, Whale's Tongue

Botanical Name: Agave ovatifolia 'Vanzie'

Large Agave that forms a natural rosette pattern, and can put out offsets through underground rhizomes. The plant can grow up to 36" tall overall, with flower stalks reaching much further. Blooms once full mature, which could take up to 15 years. 

Leaves have a sharp spine on the tip of the leaf and more along the leaf margin -- requires care when handling, and should not be planted too close to walkways. Avoid planting in poorly drained areas. 


Anacacho Orchid Tree

Anacacho Orchid Tree

Botanical Name: Bauhinia lunarioides

The Anacacho Orchid tree is native to Mexico and south-western regions of Texas.  A large shrub or small tree with an irregular growth pattern.

The distinctive gray-green leaves are slightly cleft, and drop only when temperatures drop into the 30s. The foliage cover is thicker when grown in full sun. Clusters of pale pink to white flowers emerge on the new growth in the spring, lasting roughly a month. The flowers look like those of orchids, giving the shrub its name.  Bees and butterflies are readily attracted to the blooms.

The Anacacho Orchid tree is low maintenance and tolerant of hot and dry conditions, but required adequately drained soils. 


Anacua

Anacua

Botanical Name: Ehretia anacua

South Texas native that is evergreen south of San Antonio due to the light winters, but semi-evergreen anywhere else. It is also called the Sandpaper Tree due to the rough texture of the leaves. 

Ideal flowering tree for alkaline areas, however it will tolerate acidic soils. Desired for its showy and fragrant start shaped flowers that appear in the spring throughout summer. It develops clusters of orange fruits in July that attract wildlife in the fall. 

Anacua naturally develops several trunks, often forming a twisted gnarling shape as it ages. Relatively pest and disease free. 


Aralia, Fatsia, or Glossy Leaf Paper Plant

Aralia, Fatsia, or Glossy Leaf Paper Plant

Botanical Name: Fatsia japonica

Native to Japan, Aralia is one of the few plants appreciated for its leaves over the blooms. The leaves are palmately lobed and average twelve inches wide, located on the end of petioles that can be up to three feet long. “Fatsia” is Japanese for the number eight, as the leaves typically have eight lobes.

The thick stems of Aralia can’t always bear the weight of the leaves -- they may bend to the side, eventually resting on the ground and prominently displaying the old leaf scars. Small white flowers are borne from the top of the stem in the early winter, sometimes unnoticed against the foliage.

Aralia requires moist soils, and appreciates it slightly acidic. Freezing temperatures can damage the entire plant, so mulch well and plant in a protected area anywhere in cold regions of Texas. 


Aspidistra

Aspidistra

Botanical Name: Aspidistra elatior

Amongst all the landscape plant offerings, Cast Iron stands out as the one plant without stems or a trunk. It is a perennial with leathery tough leaves that emerge directly from the underground rhizome,  reaching a mature height of three feet. It earned its name for the ability to grow in low-light areas combined with minimal care or maintenance.  It makes an ideal indoor plant due to its hardy nature.

Aspidistra is unfortunately extremely slow growing, taking over a year to completely fill out a simple small gallon size container pot. Inconspicuous small purple flowers appear at the base of the plant in the spring. A variegated cultivar exists that has white markings streaked vertically on the leaves. 

Be sure to grow in well-draining soils to prevent root-rot.